Thomas Townsend Brown
Founded NICAP in 1956 but was forced out after a year for allegedly using the organization's money to fund his own anti-gravity research.
Thomas Townsend Brown (March 18, 1905 – October 27, 1985) was an American inventor, physicist, and researcher known for his work on electrogravitics, a field exploring the interaction between electromagnetic fields and gravity. Brown attended Caltech and later earned a Bachelor's degree in Physics and Mathematics from Denison University in 1926. He discovered the "Biefeld-Brown effect," observing that a high voltage applied to a capacitor caused it to move in the direction of the positive electrode. Despite skepticism from mainstream science, Brown believed that this effect could be harnessed for advanced propulsion systems.
Brown's work on electrogravitics has attracted interest from fringe science researchers and influenced UFOlogy. In 1956, he co-founded the National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena (NICAP), a civilian organization dedicated to researching UFO sightings and advocating for government transparency on the subject. Brown was forced out of his position in NICAP after a year for allegedly funneling NICAP funds to his own anti-gravity research. Brown's work and legacy continue to be explored by those interested in alternative propulsion systems and the unexplained phenomena associated with UFOs.